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Kusame tribe in Derashe district



The Kusame ethnic group is located in Gato Kebele, Derashe District, 675 kilometers from Addis Ababa.


It is bordered by Konso in the south and east, Derase in the north and Mashole in the west. Its main administrative center is Gato Kebele.


"Each" river that crosses the keel bisects it. The village on the right side of the river is called "Kuseme" and the one on the left is called "Kshele".


In Keshele village, in addition to the Kusames, there are people from the Derashe and Mashole ethnic groups.


Gato Kebele has a lowland climate. The landscape is mountainous, plain and valley. According to the information of the Central Statistics Authority, the name of the nation is Kusume which means Embrit in Kusmin language.


Kusame means seed. The Kusame ethnic group mainly lives in agriculture, but they also breed animals. They also produce twice a year using traditional irrigation. For this, the river Yanda, which passes through the village, plays an important role.


Most Kusme women wear a traditional outfit called "Ollola". The language of the Kusame ethnic group is called "Kusemna". It belongs to the Kushawi language family.


It is closer to Konsona and Aramaic languages. The members of the ethnic group also speak Oromo, Konsogna and Drashegna, in addition to the Kusum language.


In the Kuseme ethnic group, marriage "Hamita" is performed in four ways. They are known as "Kaseta", "Shevita", "Tina" and "Dahale".


The type of marriage called "Kaseta" is a process in which the man marries the woman of his choice when he finds out that she is suitable through his friend and sends her to the elder of her family to get married.


The type of marriage called "Sweita" is where the woman and the man secretly marry after consenting and inform the family, and the groom is punished by tradition.


"Tina" is a form of marriage by abduction. "Dahale" is a type of inheritance marriage, and if the elder brother is married and dies without having children, the younger one inherits his wife.


But the children born are called by the name of the elder brother. But if the deceased gave birth, there is no inheritance marriage.


Kusumes cry more when a person dies than when a child or young person dies.


But when an old man dies, they gather together and dance, not crying bitterly, because they believe that he died at the end of his life.


Although it is becoming less common now, journalist Brock Jared's post-graduate thesis for Addis Ababa University indicates that after the death of a tribal leader, his intestines are left to dry for up to one year.


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